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Two more weeks to go then I’m going to Belgium again and I’ll stay there for a while, on the one hand because of the Easter holiday, and on the other hand in order to participate in the Trolls & Legends festival!! This year the topic is the Vikings and Rollo (Clive Standen) will be the special guest!!! I’m so looking forward to the big event.
But because of the strawberry season is also coming as the first fresh fruit of the season it occurred to me the Strawberry museum in Belgium, which is housed in the former gardener’s home in Wépion/Namur, built in Mosan style. I think I’ll visit it again!
Wépion, is a village within the city boundaries of Namur, Belgium. Located 8 kilometers south of the city centre, it’s considered as Belgian’s strawberry capital. The strawberry has been cultivated there for more than 150 years, because Wépion benefits from a micro-climate, sun-exposed plantations on west sloping ground and has a perfect ground for this type of culture. The city produces a strawberry beer under the brand name La Wépionnaise.
The Strawberry empire
Plunge into the ancient history of the strawberry, inseparable from Wépion and discover its origins, its culture and its spot on the sunny slopes of the valley of the Meuse. Walk along the enchanting world of the Small Fruits Garden: follow the guide and learn to recognize some of the many species of native or exotic varieties. Look, smell and taste the delights that nature offers us in this magnificent garden of 60 acres,-that was what I did last year in June!
For many Belgians, Wépion has long been synonymous with strawberries. Carefully picked berries from this village, which has been in the strawberry growing business since the mid-17th century, are renowned for their fully ripe flavor. In Brussels, 50 miles to the northwest, Wépion berries fetch a premium price, roughly twice what the competition is going for. In recent years, though, the Wépion strawberry has faced stiff competition from growers within Belgium as well as from producers in the Netherlands, Spain and elsewhere. Yet despite being outgunned in both volume and price, the Wépion growers maintain a strong hold on their small share of the regional strawberry market.
The growers rally around their brand, La Criée de Wépion, and remain a presence in supermarkets in Brussels and area outdoor markets during the late spring and much of the summer. The growers’ big selling point is that with a limited distribution radius they can wait to pick berries at peak ripeness then quickly ship the fruit to stores in refrigerated trucks. Stocks of Wépion berries often sell out.
I spotted my first box of strawberries with the distinctive Wépion logo a year ago in May in an outdoor food market in Brussels. I bought that first half-kilo box for 6 euros. Given how much I was enjoying the Wépions —I was averaging a box or more a week —and their intriguing context, I decided to visit the village on the Meuse River last June to discover what all the fuss was about.
The strawberries come from the region’s cooperative production center and auction house (in French, “la criée”). My Sunday trip coincided with its annual open house. I arrived at the village around 10.00am, just before the opening. I walked into the warehouse, filled with two waist-high stacks of strawberries in flat wooden trays, a few minutes before Paul Gobiet, the Criée auctioneer and spokesman, greeted the visitors.
During the one hour long tour, Mr. Gobiet explained how the cooperative began in 1962 to organize the mom and pop strawberry growers in the region and standardize prices. Despite those efforts, family berry patches gradually disappeared.
Regional strawberry cultivation endures on about a dozen large farms in the southern French-speaking Wallonia region, not just around Wépion and Namur but in the neighboring provinces of Hainaut and Liège.
The Wépion and Namur farms produce about 400 tons of berries a year, the Wallonian region about 4,000 tons. Both are dwarfed by the 40,000 tons grown each year in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking northern half of Belgium
While the north produces “really good berries,” Mr. Gobiet acknowledged diplomatically, Wépion berries from La Criée are picked “at full maturity,” resulting in superior sugar levels and taste. He discounted myths that Wépion berries benefit from the region’s soil or fog rolling in from the Meuse.-“It’s the way we pick them,”- he insisted.
When fully ripe on the vine, the stems are carefully severed by the picker’s (deliberately) long fingernails and then rolled into boxes without finger contact to prevent bruising. Mr. Gobiet dismissed the strawberries that enter Belgium from Spain, China and elsewhere as “full of chemicals” and colored water, and beneath contempt.
Picked in the morning, regional berries are trucked to La Criée in late afternoon each day. After the evening auction the berries are placed in the refrigerated trucks, chilled to about 46 degrees Fahrenheit and travel overnight to supermarkets and stands.
After the tour ended, I left with a box of berries to munch as I headed into town to the Strawberry Museum, Musée de la Fraise. The small museum is in an old cottage on the town’s main street, the Chaussée de Dinant, featured vintage photos showing pickers in the fields, wholesalers in town proudly posing by their strawberry trays, the annual strawberry parade and a 1933 photograph of Wépion’s first organized strawberry market.
Last week I visited Wörishofen, a small village in Bavaria. The reason was because each time when I went to my hairdresser, she couldn’t stop talking/praising this place. She likes thermal bathes and this small town became famous for the water-cure-hydrotherapy, which was developed by Sebastian Kneipp (1821–1897), a Catholic priest, who lived in the village for 42 years. That made me curious.
Since Bad Wörishofen is just 80 km/50 miles from München where I live (frontier of Baden Württemberg) so that in spite of the bad weather we decided to go. And we didn’t regret it. Arriving at the town we saw many of the resort hotels and boarding-houses offer their guests treatment using Kneipp’s methods.
By the way the new spa complex out of town is called Therme Bad Wörishofen. The Time Magazine called the city “The secret capital of health.”
I also learned that from the local museum that after World War II, with south-western Germany belonging to the American occupation zone, Bad Wörishofen was the site of a displaced persons camp.
What I’ve learned of Sebastien Kneipp and his methods
Kneipp was a Bavarian priest and one of the forefathers of the Hydrotherapy water cure movement. He is most commonly associated with the “Kneipp Cure” form of hydrotherapy, the application of water through various methods, temperatures and pressures which he demonstrated to have therapeutic or healing effects, thus building several hospitals in Bad Wörishofen. Although most commonly associated with one area of Nature Cure, Kneipp was the proponent of an entire system of healing which rested on 5 main tenets:
Hydrotherapy – Kneipp was able to heal many people with water
Phytotherapy – The use of botanical medicines was another of Kneipp’s specialities
Exercise– Promoting health of the body through movement
Nutrition – A wholesome diet of whole grains, fruits & vegetables with limited meat.
Balance – Kneipp believed that a healthy mind begot a healthy person.
Kneipp was born in 1821 in Bavaria. He studied theology in the University of München but he had to stop his studying in 1847 because of his serious illness (TBC). While he was ill, he began reading many books and found his illness described in a book about water cures. In 1850, Kneipp met a student in the Georgianum seminary in Munich that was also ill and shared water cures with him. Both Kneipp and his friend at the Georgianum recovered from their illnesses and with his renewed health Kneipp was able to complete his studies. He was ordained as a Catholic priest in 1852.
In the 19th century, there was a popular revival in the application of hydrotherapy, instigated around 1829 by Vincent Priessnitz, a peasant farmer in Gräfenberg, then part of the Austrian Empire. This revival was continued by Kneipp, “an able and enthusiastic follower” of Priessnitz, “whose work he took up where Priessnitz left it”, after he came across a treatise on the cold water cure. At Worishofen, while serving as the confessor to the monastery, he began offering treatments of hydrotherapy, botanical treatments, exercise and diet to the people who lived in the village. Some of his suggested treatments included “ice cold baths and walking barefoot in the snow” and other “harsh” methodologies. In 1893, M. E. Bottey described Kneipp’s water cures as “dangerous in most cases”.”. Worishofen became known as a place with a reputation for spiritual healing. In addition to “peasants”, Kneipp’s clients also included Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his father, Archduke Karl Ludwig as well as Pope Leo XIII. Others took Kneipp’s processes back to their home countries to found alternative therapy spas and colleges.
Kneipp began developing his healing methods in 1849 after contracting tuberculosis and experimenting with the water treatments developed by Sigmund Hahn. After being ordained in 1852, he continued to experiment with water treatments in his parish. Kneipp began working with the cures developed by Vincenz Priessnitz but developed a more complicated and gentle method. His gentle cures contrast the earlier water cures that he referred to as horse cures for their strenuous nature. Kneipp’s treatment of patients also contrasted that of hospital medicine because it was personalized and took into account the patient’s individual strengths and weaknesses.
Kneipp’s approach comes from his theory that all diseases originate in the circulatory system. This theory is similar to humoral theory. Like those that believed in humoral theory, Kneipp asserted that breathing miasmatic or excessively hot air would lead to disease. While it may deal with one humor instead of four, his theory still asserts that an imbalance in the blood whether it be circulation or foreign matter is the root of disease. Under Kneipp’s depiction of disease, water cures work by affecting the blood. They dissolve foreign matter, cleanse the blood of this matter, aid in circulation, and strengthen the body as a whole.
In addition to specific cures, Kneipp had prescriptions with regard to food, drink and clothing. He believed that food should be dry and simple and should not be spicy. He also believed that people should drink primarily water but also allowed consumption of alcohol in moderation.As for clothing, Kneipp preferred self-spun clothing made of linen or hemp over wool.
Kneipp’s approach to medicine was not independent of his Catholic faith. His focus on water and herbs stems from the idea that remedies are naturally provided by God. HIs emphasis on plain food, drink, and clothing comes from the theory that humans should live in accord with nature. He used scripture as well as references to Roman practice to support the reasoning behind his cure and admitted that his treatments did not fall in line with current scientific understanding. The fact that his treatments were not based in scientific theory did not bother Kneipp because they were seen as able to succeed where scientific medicine could not. Sebastian Kneipp had a particular dedication to helping the poor and those that physicians can’t help. His suffering early in life caused Kneipp to develop a deep sympathy for those less fortunate than him. He turned down many patients that could feasibly recover on their own but claims to have never refused to treat a patient that is poor or untreatable by other methods.
Kneipp’s book ,My Water Cure was published in 1886 with many subsequent editions, and translated into many languages. He also wrote “Thus Shalt Thou Live”, “My Will”, and The Care of Children In Sickness and In Health.
A waffle is a dessert made from leavened dough, that is cooked between two plates that are patterned to give a characteristic size, shape and surface impression. There are many variations based on the type of waffle iron and recipe used. Waffles are eaten throughout the world, particularly in Belgium, which has over a dozen regional varieties. Waffles may be made fresh or simply heated after having been commercially precooked and frozen. In America, the waffle serves a similar function to the pancake.
It is directly derived from the Dutch wafel, which itself derives from the Middle Dutch wafele.
Waffles remained widely popular in Europe for the first half of the 19th century, despite the 1806 British Atlantic naval blockade that greatly inflated the price of sugar. This coincided with the commercial production of beet sugar in continental Europe, which, in a matter of decades, had brought the price down to historical lows. Within the transitional period from cane to beet sugar, Florian Dacher formalized a recipe for the Brussels Waffle, the predecessor to American “Belgian” waffles, recording the recipe in 1842/43. Stroopwafels (Dutch syrup wafels), too, rose to prominence in the Netherlands by the middle of the century However, by the second half of the 1800s, inexpensive beet sugar became widely available, and a wide range of pastries, candies and chocolates were now accessible to the middle class, as never before; waffles’ popularity declined rapidly. By the early 20th century, waffle recipes became rare in recipe books, and only 29 professional waffle craftsmen, the oublieurs, remained in Paris. Waffles were shifting from a predominately street-vendor-based product to an increasingly homemade product, aided by the 1918 introduction of GE’s first electric commercial waffle maker. By the mid-1930s, dry pancake/waffle mix had been marketed by a number of companies, including Aunt Jemima, Bisquick, and a team of three brothers from San Jose, Calif. – the Dorsas. It is the Dorsas who would go on to innovate commercial production of frozen waffles, which they began selling under the name “Eggo” in 1953. Belgian-style waffles were showcased at Expo 58 in Brussels. Another Belgian introduced Belgian-style waffles to the United States at the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair, but only really took hold at the 1964 New York World’s Fair, when another Belgian entrepreneur introduced his “Bel-Gem” waffles. In practice, contemporary American “Belgian waffles” are actually a hybrid of pre-existing American waffle types and ingredients and some attributes of the Belgian model.
In the 21st century, waffles continue to evolve. What began as flour and water heated between two iron plates are now popular the world over, produced in sweet and savory varieties, in myriad shapes and sizes. Even as most of the original recipes have faded from use, a number of the 18th and 19th century varieties can still be easily found throughout Northern Europe, where they were first developed.
A common waffle recipe according my patisserie coach is listed as follows:
1 ¾ cups of milk, 2 eggs, ½ cup of oil, 2 cups of flour, 1 tsp of baking soda, 4 tsp baking powder, ¼ tsp salt, ½ teaspoon of vanilla extract
Each ingredient contributes to waffle texture and quality.
An appliance called a waffle iron is used to cook waffles to the optimal golden brown coloring and crispness. The iron consists of a plate with checker pattern divots that serve to hold the waffle batter when it is poured and create the waffle’s unique shape. Some waffle irons can prepare more than one waffle in the form of a double waffle maker that can be swiveled by hand 180 degrees. The stand sits on a supportive base
Brussels waffles are prepared with an egg-white-leavened or yeast-leavened batter, traditionally ale yeast; occasionally both types of leavening are used together. They are lighter, crisper and have larger pockets compared to other European waffle varieties, and are easy to differentiate from Liège Waffles by their rectangular sides. In Belgium, most waffles are served warm by street vendors and dusted with confectioner’s sugar, though in tourist areas they might be topped with whipped cream, soft fruit or chocolate spread. Variants of the Brussels waffles – with whipped and folded egg whites cooked in large rectangular forms – date from the 18th century.
Toppings: butter, choco chips, apple butter, dulce de leche
Fruits: bananas, blueberries, boysenberries strawberries, raspberries, blackberries etc., honey, jam or jellies, powdered sugar, chocolate spread,
Syrups: maple, chocolate, caramel flavored, whipped cream
This is an easy meal to prepare, with salmon and with green beans. Add a potato to make a nice weekend meal.
Ingredients:1/4 cup butter, 1/4 cup all-purpose flour, 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1/4 teaspoon dill, 1/8 teaspoon pepper, lemon juice, 2 cups milk, 2 cups thawed frozen or fresh cut green beans, 2 cloves of garlic, 1 teaspoon of rosemary, 1 (16 ounces) salmon fish fillet pro person, drained and flaked
Directions: Cook potatoes with their skins in water (25 minutes). Remove skin and put them aside until using.
Prepare green beans: cut the edges and wash. Melt butter in a frying pan, add garlics, (squeezed) and green beans. Salt and pepper and flavor with the rosemary. Soaté them until tender, adding some water but let beans remain crunchy.
Prepare dill sauce: in a medium saucepan, melt butter; blend in flour, salt, flavor with dill, and pepper. Pour over lemon juice. Remove from heat; gradually stir in milk or cream. Return to heat. Cook, stirring constantly, until bubbly. Let it boil for about 1 minute, stirring constantly.
Finally prepare salmon: melt butter or oil and fry fish fillets until they are well done. Salt and pepper to taste.
Put potatoes into a buttered 1 1/2-quart casserole and fry them for 3 minutes. Arrange fish on a plate, place potatoes and green beans alongside and pour over salmon with the dill sauce.
Trout is a genus of salmonid fish often called char or charr; some species are called “lake trout”. It is a sweet water fish. I bought last week in a Fishery and I started the “fast” with an excellent trout fish dish!
Ingredients: 1/4 cup butter, 2 (8 ounce) whole trout, butterflied and deboned, salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste, 2 tablespoons freshly squeezed lemon juice, 1 kg potatoes or two per persons,, extra virgin olive oil, salt, rosemary twigs, 4 -5 garlic cloves in their skins
1. Melt butter in a saucepan over medium-low heat until butter smells toasted and is golden brown, about 1 minute. Turn off heat.
2. Line a baking sheet with a piece of aluminum foil. Place trout onto foil; open trout so skin sides are down. Drizzle each trout with about 1/2 teaspoon melted butter. Generously season with salt and black pepper.
3. Prepare potatoes. Peel and slice, and place onto a parchment paper. Mix olive oil with rosemary (1 teaspoon) and you can flavor oil with 1 spoon of lemon juice. Salt potatoes to taste and place into the oven and bake together with the fish for 25 minutes on 225 grades. Remove from oven.
4. Return pan of melted butter over high heat; stir in lemon juice and parsley. Bring butter sauce to a boil; whisk to combine. Serve trout on plates and drizzle with butter sauce alongside with the rosemary potatoes.
Ingredients: 2 cups+ 1 Tablespoon (250 g) flour, ⅔ cup (150 g) unsalted butter, at room temp., 3½ ounces (100 g) marzipan, ¼ cup (50 g) sugar, 1 teaspoon vanilla extract, 1 egg yolk, 1 pinch of salt, 1 small jar of strawberry, raspberry, blueberry etc. marmalade
- Preheat your oven to 350 F convection or 180 grades.
- Line baking sheets with parchment paper or silicon baking liner.
- Place all the ingredients in the bowl of a stand mixer. Mix until evenly combined.
- Cover dough and rest in the fridge for at least 30 minutes.
- Divide dough into 14 equally sized parts, round biscuits.(I’ve made a second layer from marzipan, which I mixed with one egg white and a bit of water. Then I put into a baking sack and made the second layer, omitting the middle part of the biscuits).
- Place the dough cookies on the baking sheet.
- Bake for about 10 minutes or until done. Baking times vary. Spoon jam into the middle and bake for 5 more minutes until ready.
- Cool on wired rack.
- You can store biscuits in air tight container.
Ingredients: 6 medium potatoes, 6 hard boiled eggs, 200 ml sour cream around 40% fat, 200 ml cream for cooking, salt, 4 tablespoons olive oil, and 1 Hungarian sausage-kolbász, (it is optional, because the dish works well without meat), 150 gr cheese, Gouda or other cheese used for pizza
- Cook the potatoes in their skin for about 15-20 minutes. Cook 4 eggs until they are completely hard.
- Put a little olive oil in the bowl. (Traditionally most Hungarian cooking used lard in the past but if you make with sausage then you get enough fat by frying it. Olive oil works just as well as a substitution.) Add finally sliced sausage to 2 spoons of heated oil and fry until it releases the fat. Remove from the heat and put aside.
- Peel the potatoes and the eggs.
- Slice eggs, potatoes, then arrange in alternating layers of potatoes, eggs, sausage slices into a fire proof pottery. Salt and pepper dish to taste. Spread the olive oil over the dish. Add two remained eggs to sour cream and cream mixture, mix well then pour over potato dish.
- Place the gratinoise into the preheated oven, bestrew with grated cheese and bake at 200°C for about 35 minutes or until cheese turns into golden brown and crispy.